Gentrification?

Shepway is not immune to change or gentrification. Average Property Prices outside London have now risen to £300,000 according to Reed Raines & leading property firm LSL. Its research showed that house prices had jumped 8.9 per cent in the past 12 months to March. One Can see how House prices have risen in Shepway on the map between 1996- 2015.

https://i0.wp.com/indy100.independent.co.uk/image/27819-b9nks2.gif

Picture: Briskat.com  Sources: Land Registry/National Statistics

We can now find artisan coffee across the area know colloquially as the Creative Quarter and beyond. In the last few years we have seen the growth of Pop-up shops and bearded men in rolled up jeans, flouting the laws of comfort and hygiene to wear brogues without socks. The visual images of gentrification in neighbourhoods, are as hackneyed as they are ubitiquous in neighbourhoods across the UK that have all seen the changes that come with hikes in house prices and rent costs. The familiar gentrifying pattern  in Folkestone, Margate, Hastings & Whitstable, has run thus for decades: artists move into an area with cheap housing and studio space, then developers follow – and long-standing communities are forced out.

In 2001 & 2004 Nick Ewbank then Director of the Metropole Arts Centre and later the Artistic Director / Trustee, of the  The Creative Foundation, stated that he would “gentrify Folkestone”, well 15 years on his ‘vision’ of gentrification is here among us.

Artists are frequently blamed as the roots of the shift, for reasons that aren’t difficult to understand: gentrification is rarely benign – it isn’t simply that shops morph into upmarket outlets as more people find well-paid work. Instead, the original community is characterised as troublesome, the area is described as “troubled” (read: crime-ridden)

Crime Plus ASB Breakdown for Shepway – Folkestone Harbour

chart

and the character shift of the wider neighbourhood is seen as restorative. Little thought is given to the people who have lived there for decades, raised children, put down roots, and found the streets and geography ingrained in their personal history and psychology.

Folkestone & its environs has seen a 42% Rise in Homelessness. Shepway District Council are paying 12 B&B’s across the district and beyond, for people ‘decanted’ due to rent increases and other reasons.

Where is the ‘Affordable Housing’? Who has £300,000 when the average wage in Shepway is £20,200. Rents are rising significantly, so much so that it is eating over 50% of people’s income, who find saving nigh on an impossible task.

The social cleansing of pathologised locals for the sake of a land grab to reap capital begun from the moment the Creative Foundation & other developers took hold of Folkestone. Social & Private rented tenants here in Folkestone & elsewhere are being “decanted” – a deplorable phrase used by SDC that treats eviction as benign, pouring people away like water.

Businesses know that artists need funding to work and exhibit – and will take advantage at any opportunity. Austerity isn’t applied uniformly: most people across the Shepway haven’t seen their wages rise post-2008, and the poorest have been hit again and again, but many companies have bolstered profits and are able to dangle sizeable financial carrots as funding has dried up.

But it comes with a cost: people have a tendency to attack what is visible about gentrification – the effects, not the cause. Artists, over-priced coffee and deliberately rough-hewn bread aren’t the causes of gentrification: that’s the deliberate pursuit of capital by developers, forcing people from one area to another. But artists still have a responsibility to consider how their access to cheap studio space in Folkestone, Margate, Hasting & Whistable is used to clear the way for developers. Capital didn’t let the original community stay for ever: once artists have done their job, developers will kick them out too.

There are Pro’s and Con’s to Gentrification , they are set out below. After reading them it is for you to decide, if it is a rock and hard place situation.

Shepwayvox

Positive Negative
Higher incentive for property owners to increase/improve housing Displacement through rent/price increases
Reduction in crime Loss of affordable housing
Stabilization of declining areas Commercial/industrial displacement
Increased property values Unsustainable property prices
Increased consumer purchasing power at local businesses Displacement and housing demand pressures on surrounding poor areas
Reduced vacancy rates Community resentment and conflict
Increased local fiscal revenues Homelessness
Encouragement and increased viability of further development Secondary psychological costs of displacement
Reduced strain on local infrastructure and services Increased cost and charges to local services
Increased social mix Loss of social diversity (from socially disparate to rich ghettos)
Rehabilitation of property both with and without state sponsorship Under occupancy and population loss to gentrified areas
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2 Comments on Gentrification?

  1. Raises some good points. While a certain amount of gentrification is,or can be a boon to a town,excessive gentrification can,and does lead to the outpricing of those who have lived there for generations. And,as a personal opinion,artisinal anything is sheer ponceyness.

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  2. Reading this article I heard a constant buzzing – almost as if somebody had a bee in their bonnet. I was also found myself wondering “what are they on about?” Always happy to be educated, I looked at the definition for gentrification: the process of renewal and rebuilding accompanying the influx of middle-class or affluent people into deteriorating areas that often displaces poorer residents.
    So, how does this apply to Folkestone? The villain of the piece appears to be The Creative Quarter which lures in bearded coffee-aficionados. These undesirable persons pay inflated prices for everything else, not just coffee, and the poor indigenous populace have to take their jar of Lidl instant coffee and move out of the semiderelict hovel they used to call home.
    I don’t quite recognise this picture. From my window I can see rows and rows of council houses where families have lived and – sort of – educated their children for decades. And I see street after street of what I believe Shepway Vox would amusingly call artisan houses; two and three bedroom houses with front door on the street – no gentrification here, either.
    The Creative Quarter properties can be found mainly on Tontine Street, The Old High Street and the Harbour. Apart the Harbour Arm – which seems to be enjoyed with every stripe of the society and the only expulsions are drunks and anglers – there’s very little gentrification as in displacing poorer residents. If you think Tontine Street is gentrified I suggest you do a Vox pop in West Folkestone, that might give you a new angles to gentrification.
    The biggest single reason for the rise of property prices in Folkestone is the overheated property market in London. The biggest single reason for lack of housing in Folkestone is the 20-year gap when SDC didn’t built council houses, only talked about building them. The biggest influx of new habitants in the wider Folkestone is in Hawkinge, not in Marine Crescent.

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